Regions of Rubicon: interesting facts


Today we’re going to get familiar with the history and interesting facts about the regions where the Rubicon ultramarathon relay will take place this year.

May you be reminded that from February 9 to 11, the three-day non-stop Rubicon ultra-marathon relay will cross the whole country.


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The establishment of Ocnita is closely related to the construction of the Balti-Cernauti railway line by the end of the 19th century. At the intersection of the two railway branches, Ocnita station appeared. At this moment, the town is the most northern railway point in the country.


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The most widespread legend about the toponym “Donduseni” says that it originates from a Chinese man who used to live there – Mr. Shen (Domnul Sen in Romanian). In Donduseni there is the largest dendrarium park in the country, which includes 150 species of trees, lianas and shrubs. The artifacts found on the territory reveal that people have lived here since the Paleolithic era.


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The name of the town is considered to be originating from the bustard (dropie in Romanian), which was very common in the area. The Assumption Cathedral built between 1988 and 1998 is a true masterpiece of local architecture. The initiator and founder of the cathedral was the priest Pavel Vuluta.


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The symbol of Balti is the sculpture of a woman who welcomes the city residents and guests with bread and salt. This lady is the first person who meets you at the entrance to the city on the Chisinau-Balti route. Locals call it “Mother-in-Law”. One of the legends says that the nickname comes from the sculptor’s mother.


At the beginning of the XIX century, the estate of Singerei was owned by Alexandru and Zoia Moruzi — descendants of the dynasty that gave several rulers to Moldova. In 1806, the owner of the estate becomes Ioan Chescu. He founded here several homesteads, which later became the neighborhoods of Singerei. In 1820, the landlady Tarasita Chescu sold the estate to Gheorghe Calmutchi. A legend says that the predecessors of the boyar Calmutchi had the estate since the time of Stefan cel Mare. But it is certain that Calmutchi had to sell his estate of Ciuciulea so as to buy the estate of Singerei.


Legend has it that the name of the settlement comes from the name of Telea, who was a boyar’s son and who drowned in a marsh. In 1796, through the charter of the ruler Alexandru Ioan Callimachi, Telenesti, which was located on Raluca Mavrocordat’s estate, acquires the status of a fair with 6 fairs a year. In order to stimulate the development of the fair, facilities were granted to foreigners (Jews, Armenians, Lipovans) who wanted to settle in the locality.


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The spiritual heritage of the region is determined by the old monasteries. The four monasteries in Calarasi district are also known outside the country, being a place of pilgrimage for both locals and foreigners. These sacred places are located in the heart of Codrii, on the Central Moldavian Plateau, where the country’s main forest resources are concentrated.


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It is assumed that the name Straseni comes from the words „străjeri, străjeni” (“guardians” in English). The legend has it that on Cosna hill, a certain Captain Teofan built a house for the watchmen who were guarding Chisinau in the old times.


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The modern Chisinau is the result of the unification of several villages around the village of Chisinau – the new homestead. The names of the so-familiar districts of today are actually the names of those old villages (Riscani, Sculeni, Buiucani, Visterniceni, Muncesti). For example, the name Riscani comes from the name of the boyar Constantin Riscanu, the last owner of the estate.


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The locality was mentioned for the first time in a letter from Stefan cel Mare dating from March 11, 1502, giving Duma Hurdescu and his brothers a place to settle. The village of Vasieni, Ialoveni district, is famous for the hill Tigla. It is said that the Turks, leaving these places, buried their treasures in the hill. It’s nothing but a beautiful legend because no treasure was found there.


It is assumed that the name of the town comes from the name of the Tartars tribe Ciumecili, symbolized by a bucket-shaped figure. It is also supposed that with the invasion of the Tartars, the locality was abandoned by those who had inhabited it earlier. Another version admits that the locals were living along with the Tartars.



The town of Basarabeasca, the administrative center of the Basarabeasca district, was founded in 1856 by the authorities of the Russian empire as a Jewish colony. The first name, Romanovka, was given to it in honor of the Romanovs dynasty. But colonists could not get used to the locality and left it.


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The town of Comrat is the capital of the Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia, part of the Republic of Moldova. There is no unanimous opinion on the date of the first documentary attestation of Comrat. The town was built between the 18th and 19th centuries. In 1819, the Russian authorities began to populate the territory with colonists (Bulgarians and other) who came from the other side of the Danube.


After the Russo-Turkish war 1806-1812, a small group of Bulgarians settled at the southern end of the Bugeac steppe and founded in 1813 the village of Taraclia. In 1821, a larger group of ethnic Bulgarians populated the region and settled in the village of Aluat. The Bulgarian colonists received a number of privileges from the Russian authorities in exchange for the assimilation of the virgin land in Bugeac steppe.


Hopefully the incursion in the history of the localities and regions, crossed by Rubicon ultra-marathon, will allow the athletes to successfully go through the relay.